Ombré is the STYLE
Ombré is a French word that literally means shaded.
Ombré is the actual style. It is the transition of a lighter shade from a darker shade. Generally, ombré works best on brunettes because it is the least subtle of all the techniques.
The ombré hair color transition typically starts darker at the roots and becomes lighter toward the end of the hair. Like balayage, ombré often requires the hair to be bleached, depending on how light you want your hair.
Sombre is a technique that is more subtle, hence the word sombre. Ombré is great for the more daring girl, it is more noticeable and typically more maintenance. Ombré is similar to color blocking: there are no dark pieces left on the bottom to help keep it natural, just a nice transition between the colors.
While the ombré is a beautiful look, it is also something that needs to be done right! Not a technique that works well as a DIY, and is best done by a professional.
Baylage is the TECHNIQUE
The two are very similar, but there are very obvious distinctions between the two! Balayage is a French word meaning scanning or sweeping.
When applying the color for a balayage, you sweep the color through small triangle sections of the hair onto a board or foil, giving it the natural transition down into the lighter color. In balayage, there are dark pieces left on the bottom to create dimension and a more natural look. This technique looks like natural sun-kissed highlights throughout the hair. The transition is more natural and it is less maintenance than ombré.
Hair Highlighting & Lowlighting
Hair highlighting/lowlighting is changing a person’s hair color, using lightener or hair color to color hair strands. There are four basic types of highlights:
•foil highlights •hair painting •frosting •chunking
Highlights can be done in natural or unnatural colors. Color highlights/lowlights come in four categories: temporary, semi-permanent, demi-permanent and permanent. Hair lightened with bleach or permanent color will be permanent until new growth begins to growth. Highlighted hair will make the hair appear fuller. Therefore, it is recommended on people with thin and fine hair. It also recommended for people with at least 50% gray for easy blending and to diminish the line of demarcation once the new growth is showing.
Basic Foil Highlighting
Foil highlighting is the process of using foil to separate strands of hair which will be lightened from strands of hair which will remain its natural color. The process is done by applying lightener to the hair that has been woven and separated using an applicator brush. The foil is then folded to protect the hair and surrounding area during the “processing” time.
Hair Painting is a huge trend right now with some of the more artistic stylists. With this technique, the hair is painted freely, by hand and usually with an actual paint brush and palette. Hair should be laid flat and is typically separated by plastic wrap. The lightener, or color, is usually not placed in any specific pattern but where it should be seen. The hard part about hair painting, is the stylist must have an eye for this kind of thing. This technique creates natural-looking and softer tones. Plus it is much faster than foils and there is no possibility of lines of demarcation!
Frosting & Chunking
Frosting is the process of free-hand lightening the tips of the hair, and is generally performed on men or women with short hair.
Chunking is a style of highlight which is larger and thicker than a traditional highlight, rather than to a method of creating highlights. Chunky highlights are generally offered in a wider variety of bold natural colors, as well as a large number of artificial, or unnatural, colors and are used to create more contrast, rather than subtle texture, as in traditional, thinner highlights.
Babylights are super subtle and delicate highlights created using a technique that mimics the subtle, dimensional hair color seen on children’s hair. This look is very natural looking and creates the ultimate sun-kissed expression on the hair. This technique is very similar to highlights, with a touch of bayalage. The amount of hair in the foil is the main difference. Babylights require much less hair than traditional highlights. The result is subtle but beautiful and amazing for dimension!